Milking robots and drones currently dominate the global farm equipment market, but self-driving tractors aren't far behind. According to Allied Market Research, the autonomous tractor market size worldwide will reach over $11,580 million by 2030. Climate change and increasing population in the world are some of the biggest challenges the agricultural sector is facing. To mitigate these challenges, experts in the agricultural field recommend the adoption of autonomous tractors, drones, and robotics.

As the name suggests, self-driving tractors can plant and harvest crops without human intervention. By automating farming processes, farmers can boost efficiency, thus increasing crop yield and improving food distribution to prevent food insecurity. There are many farm vehicle technologies influenced by self-driving cars, and agricultural experts believe they will have a positive impact on food production. Keep reading to learn more about technological developments in agricultural vehicles.

Artificial Intelligence

Today, farmers are turning to AI to make farming more efficient, thus improving yields and farm profitability. When integrated into autonomous tractors, artificial intelligence helps farmers manage farm operations remotely via a smartphone. AI-powered tractors use sensors and stereo cameras that provide a 360-degree view to detect obstacles and calculate distance.

Using self-driving tractors and AI, farmers can deploy resources like sowing seeds, applying fertilizers, and plant protectants on individual crops more efficiently. To use a self-driving tractor, you need to drive it to the farm, then configure it for autonomous functionality. Then, using a mobile app, you can start the tractor by swiping left to right or vice versa. However, you don't have to stay in the field. You can monitor the tractor's status via mobile as you take care of other tasks.

Telematics in Farm Tractors

Land farming is scarce and the only way farmers can increase crop production is by enhancing operation and productivity in the fields. To meet this goal, farmers and agricultural companies are leveraging smart farming technologies like IoT and telematics. Typically, IoT collects environment and machine data in real time to help farmers make informed decisions.

Telematics units in the latest farm tractors also collect equipment data to diagnose performance of engines and other vehicle components. That way, farmers can detect potential mechanical breakdowns that require immediate repairs or replacement. For example, let's say you're using the Caterpillar 257 tractor for tilling land and the tires and tracks are worn out. Telematics systems in the tractor will recommend the replacement of tires and tracks to enhance fuel efficiency and productivity by sending notifications to the dashboard or mobile phone. Investing in Caterpillar 257 tracks is vital to improving traction and maneuverability on the field. With telematics in tractors, farmers can also monitor user behavior, vehicle location, and fuel consumption.

GPS Technology

GPS technology or global positioning systems have become an essential part of precision farming. The accuracy of GPS equipment allows farmers to collect real-time data for farm planning, soil sampling, field mapping, and crop scouting. Farmers also use GPS to guide autonomous tractors in the field, especially during low visibility conditions, like darkness, rain, fog, or dust. GPS technology in tractors are proven to be effective in monitoring vehicle usage in fields and preventing theft attempts.

Advances in farming technology are revolutionizing how people grow crops, thus improving food security. Besides robotics and drones, agricultural companies and farmers are investing in autonomous farm vehicles. These vehicles feature new technologies like GPS, telematics, IoT sensors, and artificial intelligence that aim to boost efficiency and productivity in the farm while reducing operational costs.